About of appropriate language and style for writing articles:
- Authors must use simple sentence structures, avoiding those too long or complex.
- The vocabulary used must be basic and common. The technical language must be briefly explained; also, the meaning of the acronyms must be given the first time they appear in the text.
- Authors are responsible for their work to be conducted in a professional and ethical manner.
About the length of articles
Articles should be limited between 6 and 12 pages in A4 size and single-space, with symmetric margins of 2 cm. Only in the case of review articles, these 12 pages do not include references.
About the presentation format
Submitted articles must be unpublished works written in English or Spanish, and must be typed in Microsoft Word (2003 and beyond), complying with the following indications:
- Gill Sans MT letter, 9 points (except it is required for some sections).
- Double column, single-spaced.
- All the margins 2 cm.
- Paragraphs should be justified without spaces between consecutive and without cutting words.
- Do not include page breaks or section finals.
- If you want to emphasize words or phrases from the text, do not use bold letters but italic.
- Decimals should be pointed out with a comma (,) and not with a period (.).
- Thousands and millions should be pointed with a fine space.
- Avoid footnotes.
- Arabic nomenclature must be used only until the third level.
About the article structure
Papers must have the following structure and comply with the following requirements:
Composition of an article
All articles submitted for evaluation and possible publication by the Ecuadorian Journal of Science, Research and Innovation must have at least the following components:
- Title in English and Spanish (mandatory).
- Abstract in English and Spanish (mandatory).
- Keywords in English and Spanish (mandatory).
- Introduction (mandatory).
- Material and Methods (mandatory).
- Results (mandatory).
- Discussion (mandatory).
- Conclusions (mandatory).
- Future work (optional).
- Acknowledgments (optional).
- Bibliographical references.
The article title must be short or divided in title and subtitle, attractive for the potential reader, and written in capital letters. It should appear centered between the margins, written in Century Schoolbook letter, in bold, font size 16. Maximum 20 Words.
The scope and purpose of the work must be established giving a clear and concise description of the methodology, results presented and the conclusions obtained. Maximum of 250 Words.
Between three and ten keywords must be chosen, written in English with Futura letter in bold, italic, and font size 9.
Keywords must be written in alphabetic order and must be as standard as possible, for which it is suggested the use of international databases according to the area of knowledge. For example, in the area of Electrics and Electronics, it is suggested to use the IEEE thesaurus and World Bank thesaurus that can be accessed at the following web pages respectively: https://www.ieee.org/documents/taxonomy_v101.pdf, http://multites.net/.
Abstract in Spanish
Translation to the Spanish language of the text that appears in the abstract, it must be correct and precise.
Keywords in Spanish
Translation to the English language of the keywords in Spanish, they must be correct and precise.
Keywords must be written in the order of the English version and must be as standard as possible, for which it is suggested the use of international databases according to the area of knowledge. For example, in the area of Electrics and Electronics, it is suggested to use the UNESCO thesaurus that can be found at the following web pages: http://vocabularies.unesco.org/browser/thesaurus/es/.
The general idea of the work must be described, its context, backgrounds, state of the art of the topic, objectives, and possible scope of the work.
Material and Methods/Methodology
It must describe the research design and explain how the research was carried out, and it must also allow any professional specialized in the subject to replicate the research.
Explanation and interpretation of the findings. If necessary, a brief discussion focused on the interpretation of the results can be presented.
Results are analyzed and compared with each other or with previous data from other similar studies, to draw useful and practical conclusions.
The implication of the results and their relation to the proposed objective.
They should preferably be brief and include the essential contributions for the development of the paper.
Equations must appear centered with respect to the main text. They must be referenced with consecutive numbers (written in parenthesis close to the right margin). Equations are cited in the main text employing the word equation and followed by the number in parenthesis. Equations must be made in an appropriate equation editor and compatible with "InDesign" software, as for example the equation editor of Windows.
In the case of table implementation, it is recommended that these are not inserted as images, considering that in that format they cannot be modified. The title of each table must include the word table (in italic) followed by the corresponding consecutive number and a brief name of the table. The heading must be written in Futura letter, italic, and font size 7. Charts are not presented but tables and they should be automatically raised from the text processor. Tables should be named and referenced in the article, in strict order. Every table must have at the bottom the source from which it was taken, or to mention self-authorship if it is the case.
All the figures or pictures have to be sent PNG format with a minimum resolution of 300 DPI, adapted to a grayscale.
The footnote or name of each figure must include the word figure (in italic) followed by the corresponding consecutive number and a brief description of the content of the figure. The footnote of the figure must be written in Futura letter, italic, and font size 7. Figures must be named and referenced in the article, in strict order. Every figure must have at the bottom the source from which it was taken, or to mention self-authorship if it is the case.
The symbols of the constants, variables, and functions in Latin or Greek letters –included in the equations- must be in italic; the mathematical symbols and the numbers do not go in italic. The symbols must be identified immediately after the equation. Units, dimensions, and symbols of the international system must be used.
When using acronyms or abbreviations, the complete equivalence should be written first, followed by the corresponding acronym or abbreviation in parenthesis and from there it is only written the respective acronym or abbreviation.
The adopted reference citation style by Ecuadorian Journal of Science, Research and Innovation is APA sixth edition. Bibliographic references and infographics are included at the end of the article, it should not have more than 5-years-old, and 30% must correspond to publications indexed in Scopus. The bibliographic references must be alphabetically ordered according to the author’s first surname, without numbering.
There should only appear the cited references in the main body of the work, in tables or in figures. It means, in the list, there should not appear other references although they have been consulted by the authors for the work preparation. We suggest using tools such as Cites and bibliography from Microsoft Word (for APA sixth edition version 2013 or superior), Zotero, Mendeley, among others.
The call for a bibliographic reference is inserted in the text, at the pertinent point, under certain characteristics:
- If the sentence includes the author’s surname, it should only be written the date into a parenthesis, for instance:
Cuando Vasco (2012), analizó el problema de presentado en ….
- When the author is not included in the sentence, surname, and date must be into a parenthesis.
La investigación de materiales dio una visión en el área (Martínez, 2012).
- If the document or work has more than two authors, the first cite must include all the surnames.
- (Fernández Morales, Villa Krieg & Caro de Villa, 2008) ….
- In the following mentions, it must only be written the author’s first surname, followed by "et al.".
En cuanto al estudio de las aguas, Fernández Morales et al. (2008) encontraron que …
- When the document or work has more than six authors, it must be used from the first mention "et al.".
Next, it is described a series of examples of the more used references, according to the reference style adopted by Ecuadorian Journal of Science, Research and Innovation:
Surnames, A. A., Surnames, B. B. & Surnames, C. C. (Date). Article’s title. Title of the publication, volume (number), pp. xx-xx. doi: xx.xxxxxxx.
Melas, C. D., Zampetakis, L. a, Dimopoulou, A., & Moustakis, V. (2011). Modeling the acceptance of clinical information systems among hospital medical staff: an extended TAM model. Journal of biomedical informatics, 44(4), 553-64. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbi.2011.01.009
Varia, J. (2010). Migrating your existing applications to the aws cloud - A Phase-driven Approach to Cloud Migration. Amazon Web Services, (October), 1-23. Recuperado a partir de http://d36cz9buwru1tt.cloudfront.net/CloudMigration-main.pdf
Surnames, A. A. (Year). Title. City: Editorial.
Surnames, A. A. (Year). Title. Recovered from http://www.xxxxxx.xxx
Surnames, A. A. (Year). Title. doi: xx.xxxxxxxx
Surnames, A. A. (Ed.). (Year). Title. City: Editorial.
Book with author
Goleman, D. (2000). La inteligencia emocional: Por qué es más importante que el cociente intelectual. México: Ediciones B.
Book with editor:
Castillo Ortiz, A. M. (Ed.). (2000). Administración educativa: Técnicas, estrategias y prácticas gerenciales. San Juan: Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas
Book electronic version:
Montero, M. & Sonn, C. C. (Eds.). (2009). Psychology of Liberation: Theory and applications. [Versión de Springer]. doi: 10.1007/ 978-0-387-85784-8
Surnames, A. A. (Year). Title. (Report No. xxx). City: Editorial
Report with authors
Weaver, P. L., & Schwagerl, J. J. (2009). U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service refuges and other nearby reserves in Southwestern Puerto Rico. (General Technical Report IITF-40). San Juan: International Institute of Tropical Forestry.
Report from a Government agency
Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics. America’s Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, 2009. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Recuperado de http://www.childstats.gov/pubs/index.asp
Surnames, A. A. (Year). Title. (Unpublished master or doctorate thesis). Institution name, Location.
Unpublished thesis, printed
Muñoz Castillo, L. (2004). Determinación del conocimiento sobre inteligencia emocional que poseen los maestros y la importancia que le adscriben al concepto en el aprovechamiento de los estudiantes. (Tesis inédita de maestría). Universidad Metropolitana, San Juan, PR.
Commercial database thesis
Santini Rivera, M. (1998). The effects of various types of verbal feedback on the performance of selected motor development skills of adolescent males with Down syndrome. (Tesis doctoral). Disponible en la base de datos ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (AAT 9832765).
Aquino Ríos, A. (2008). Análisis en el desarrollo de los temas transversales en los currículos de español, matemáticas, ciencias y estudios sociales del Departamento de Educación. (Tesis de maestría, Universidad Metropolitana). Recuperado de http://suagm.edu/umet/biblioteca/UMTESIS/Tesis_Educacion/ARAquinoRios1512.pdf
Standards or patents
Surnames, A. A. The patent title. Country and the patent number. Classification of the patent, official license date. Number and date of patent request, pagination.
Hernández Suárez, C. A., Gómez Saavedra, V. A., & Peña Lote, R. A. Equipo medidor de indicadores de calidad del servicio de energía eléctrica para usuario residencial. Colombia., 655. G4F 10/0, 15 de Marzo 2013. 27 de Octubre 2011, 147
Authors maintain the rights to the articles and are therefore free to share, copy, distribute, execute, and publicly communicate the work on their personal websites or in institutional deposits, after its publication in this journal, as long as they provide bibliographic information that certifies its publication in this journal.
The works are under one https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/