Management of construction and demolition waste, to mit-igate environmental impact and preserve our natural re-sources: A literature review
Many countries have made progress in the construction aspect. They talk about the large projects that have been carried out, such as the construction of huge skyscrapers, among other constructions, but they do not talk about the negative impacts on the environment that they generate. One of the main generators of the negative impact generated by construction is construction and Demolition Waste (RCD). These are dumped in unauthorized places, such as open fields, rivers, abandoned land, etc. Only rarely are they dumped in landfills, which is authorized. The objective of this research is to review the steps taken by the different countries, in order to minimize the impact they generate, through a descriptive analysis and a documentary compilation of the years 2015 - 2020; taking as a sample the different investigations through 29 scientific articles, 12 of these from the scientific base of Scopus and 17 from ScienceDirect, which date from supervisory political measures, processing plants, incentives to recycling companies, reuse of waste with different methodologies, etc., highlighting the ecological importance that includes reusing waste through these steps that are for the good of the environment. From the systematic review it is concluded that the use of processing plants with Advanced Dry Recovery (ADR) technologies and the Heating Air Classification System (HAS) is an effective way to crush concrete waste and convert it into recycled aggregates, turning them into reusable material for construction purposes.
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