Optimal Design of a Toroidal Pressure Vessel of Variable Thickness for Storing Hydrogen in Cars
The vehicle future would be, within two energy trends that benefit the environment; long-term battery storage or hydrogen storage for use as fuel. In the case of the use of hydrogen, this needs to be stored in a container inside the car that provides it with a greater autonomy than it would have with other types of fuels, such as gas, diesel or gasoline. The composite containers are ideal to solve this problem, since the relationship between resistance and weight is very favorable compared to metal containers. One of the solutions that is currently being studied is the use of pressure containers in the shape of a torus, which fits very well with the specifications that cars currently have. In the present work, it will be seen that a torus shaped container or pressure vessel has many obvious advantages over traditional forms. The AS4D / 9310 composite (Carbon-Epoxy) has been used for the elaboration and it has been conditioned with the Tsai-Wu failure criterion, through a numerical simulation by the Finite Element Method.
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